Physiotherapy investigates the positive human body reactions on physical disturbances. It develops methods for their usage for preventive and therapeutic purposes. It's also connected with a range of therapeutic procedures through physical factors. These factors can be both naturally occurring or man-made.
Physiotherapy is a separate section of balneology. Methods of physical therapy are very diverse. Among them, the most common are electrotherapy, phototherapy, hydrotherapy, thermal treatment, treatment using mechanical stress. Electrotherapy (a method of treatment using an electric field, DC, AC, continuous and intermittent electric current , alternating magnetic fields, electromagnetic fields) combines the largest number of techniques:
Physiotherapy improves peripheral and central blood circulation, have a soothing effect, improves trophic tissues functioning, normalize neurohumoral regulation and affects various processes within immune system. Physical therapy has a lot of indications for use and the lack of adverse and negative effects of its applying. It has already taken a worthy place in medical treatment of the spine and joints rehabilitation. Therapeutic and prophylactic use of physical factors can be applied within physical therapy offices and departments of hospitals, clinics and other medical institutions, and if necessary in the hospital wards or at home.