Chiropractic Therapy in Pain Management is going mainstream and the services can now be a made available to almost anyone. Chiropractors define subluxation as “an alteration of the biomechanical and physiological dynamics of adjoining structures which can cause neural disturbances.”It is seen as a process, not a static condition by which the tissues suffer constant changes which usually includes:
- Hyperemia – excess of blood in a particular area of the body.
- Congestion – toxins accumulate in areas aggravating the nerve endings in the muscle producing pain.
- Edema – excessive fluid leaking into tissues, resulting to a swelling.
- Tiny hemorrhages – small amount of bleeding or unusual flow of blood.
- Fibrosis – replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue.
- Local ischemia – lack of blood flow in muscle, leaving the muscle very painful to touch.
- Atrophy – partial or complete wasting of muscle.
- Tissue rigidity – stiffness and adhesions in joint capsules, ligaments, tendons and muscles.
Categorizes of Spinal Subluxation
Static Intersegmental Subluxation
- Flexion malposition
- Extension malposition
- Lateral flexion malposition
- Rotation malposition
- Altered Interosseous Spacing (increased or decreased)
- Osseous Foraminal encroachment
Kinetic Intersegmental Subluxation
- Hypomobility (fixation subluxation)
- Hypermobility (unstable subluxation)
- Aberrant motion (paradoxical motion)
- Scoliosis and/or alteration of curves secondary to muscle imbalance
- Scoliosis and/or alteration of curves secondary to structural asymmetries
- Decompensation of adaptational curves
- Abnormalities of motion
- Costovertebral or costotransverse dis-relationships
- Sacroiliac subluxation